History

Guimarães, is a city of medieval origin, and has its roots in the remote century X.GMR2GMR1

It was at this time that the Countess Mumadona Dias, widow of Hermenegildo Mendes built a monastery, which became a pole of attraction and gave rise to the establishment of a population group. Parallel and defense cluster, Mumadona built a castle within walking distance on the hill, creating a second anchor point. Connecting the two nuclei formed the Santa Maria Street. Later the monastery became a chapter house and acquired great importance due to the privileges and donations that kings and nobles were giving him. The town continued to grow and organizing, and then surrounded by a defensive wall. However the mendicant orders are installed in Guimarães and help shaping the city.



World heritage 2001

Guimarães is a city with a glorious past history, whose history is linked to the founding of the Portuguese national identity and the Portuguese language in the century XII. The Historic Centre of Guimarães is a single trace of a particular type of city design, which had its own evolution, due to the morphology of its medieval urban fabric, that conforms a series of large squares formal value and environmental quality as well as, a particular type of construction, diverse typologically, but with a great formal unity as a whole, fully built with traditional building techniques, and called mud rotation and mud fasquio.

This unique Well that UNESCO ranked 13 December 2001 is the most reproductive and lasting investment in the city. The most profitable for the city is that it has one, and the world recognizes.

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County CharacterizationGM3

The Municipality of Guimarães is located in the district of Braga, belongs to the sub-region of Vale do Ave (Nut III, bordered to the north and northwest by the municipalities Povoa de Lanhoso and Braga respectively, southwest of Santo Tirso, the south and southwest by Felgueiras and Vizela, the east by Fafe county and the west by Nova de Famalicão. It is crossed by several roads national roads (101, 105, 106 and 206), to which was added the route of the Route 
Complementary 5 (IC5) / Highway 7 (A7) and Highway 11 (A11) and the Main Route 9 (IP9).

Climate

The climate of Guimarães is characterized by cool winters and moderate or hot summers; the average minimum temperature of the coldest month varies between 2 and 5 ° C, sometimes, during 10 to 30 days it can reach zero degrees Celsius temperatures. The mean maximum temperature of the warmest month varies between 23 and 32ºC, and sometimes, 20 to 120 days per year it can reach maximum temperatures above 25 ° C.

Fauna

The existing fauna in Guimarães and in particular in urban areas, is a relatively poorly diversified community. Still there are species with ecological interest and which have interests to protect.

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